The simplest method to stain wood for lasting beauty

Wood, a living material, requires regular nourishment and protection to maintain its splendor, whether it’s an indoor piece of furniture or an outdoor structure. One of the most straightforward methods to achieve this is by applying a wood stain.


Why Stain Wood?

Regardless of its type, wood needs protection from weather elements, ultraviolet rays, and heat. The same protection is essential for indoor furniture, especially if it’s near a window or radiator. Without proper care, wood tends to turn gray or white, losing its shine over the seasons. Staining helps preserve the wood’s natural appearance while shielding it from various external factors.

Easy Steps to Stain Wood

Staining wood to rejuvenate its look is not complicated. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

1. Preparation

Start by preparing the wood. Sand it down to smooth out any rough patches. Vigorously rub the surface to remove dust, old stain remnants, or varnish. Clean the wood with a product like pine resin detergent, rinse with clear water, and let it air dry.

2. Preparing the Stain

Before applying, stir the stain in its container to achieve a consistent texture. If you’re renovating a hard and old wood type, like oak, consider diluting the stain with White Spirit (about 10%). This makes the stain more fluid, allowing it to penetrate the wood more easily.

3. Application

Use a reasonably broad brush for application, ensuring a more even spread of the stain. Apply in strokes that follow the wood grain for a more natural finish. After the first coat, allow it to dry for 24 hours.

4. Second Coat

Once the first coat is completely dry, apply a second layer. For better penetration, consider sanding the first coat with fine-grit sandpaper. Always sand in the direction of the wood grain and dust off any residue before applying the second coat. Let it dry for another 24 hours.

5. Additional Coats

If the result isn’t up to your expectations, consider a third coat. This might be necessary for younger or softer woods. In such cases, allow a drying time of 48 hours.

Tips for Effective Staining

Always stain in a well-ventilated area or outdoors. Ideal staining conditions are when temperatures are moderate, between 15 and 25 degrees Celsius. Stains dry harder in cold or very humid conditions. Conversely, on extremely hot days, the stain might become too sticky for smooth application.


Staining is an effective way to enhance the beauty and longevity of wood. Whether you’re working on an indoor furniture piece or an outdoor wooden structure, following the right steps and techniques ensures that the wood remains protected and retains its natural charm for years to come.